On October 29, 2023, the streets of Mumbai witnessed a poignant moment as the iconic black-and-yellow taxis, lovingly known as ‘kaali-peeli,’ took their final bow. This marked the closure of an illustrious chapter in Mumbai’s history, one that had spanned over six decades.

The journey of Premier Padmini taxis began in Mumbai during the early 1960s, swiftly winning the hearts of commuters with their affordable fares and comfortable interiors. Renowned for their robustness, many of these taxis graced the streets for over two decades.

With time, the kaali-peeli taxis transcended their role as mere transportation. They became an emblem of Mumbai’s culture and identity, featuring prominently in Bollywood films, songs, and symbolizing the city’s vibrant nightlife.

In recent years, these classic taxis faced growing competition from app-based cab services like Ola and Uber, which offered newer vehicles and more convenient booking options. Consequently, the number of kaali-peeli taxis dwindled.

In 2021, the Maharashtra government announced the phasing-out of kaali-peeli taxis by the close of 2023. This decision stirred a mixed bag of reactions. Some embraced it as a step toward modernizing the city’s public transport, while others mourned the loss of a crucial part of Mumbai’s heritage.

October 29, 2023, marked the registration of the final kaali-peeli taxi in Mumbai, officially closing this remarkable chapter. Though the taxis themselves may be gone, the memories and nostalgia they generated will forever endure in the hearts of Mumbaiites.

Pic Credit :- Hindustan Times News

Kaali-peeli Taxis: More than a Ride

For Mumbai’s residents, kaali-peeli taxis represented more than a mode of transportation; they were a way of life. These taxis often served as a warm welcome to the city for newcomers and brought people from all walks of life together.

These iconic taxis also provided employment to countless individuals. Their drivers became familiar faces to passengers, forming close bonds over time.

The phasing-out of kaali-peeli taxis signals Mumbai’s evolving landscape. The city is continually expanding and modernizing, with new technologies emerging regularly. However, it’s crucial to honor the city’s heritage and the indispensable role that kaali-peeli taxis played in the lives of its residents.

A Fond Farewell to Kaali-peeli Taxis

As the classic kaali-peeli taxis make their exit from Mumbai’s streets, it’s essential to contemplate the indelible mark they left on the city. These taxis weren’t just a mode of transport; they were an embodiment of Mumbai’s culture and spirit. They offered livelihoods to many and served as a meeting place for people from diverse backgrounds.

While the physical presence of kaali-peeli taxis may have faded, the cherished memories they created will forever dwell in the hearts of Mumbaiites.

Saying Goodbye to Mumbai's Double Decker Buses

On September 15, 2023, Mumbai bid farewell to its beloved double-decker bus service, marking the conclusion of an extraordinary era. These cherished double-decker buses had been integral to Mumbai’s transportation system for more than 80 years, but their journey has reached its ultimate destination.

The story of Mumbai’s double-decker buses began in 1937 when the first one appeared on the city’s streets. As time passed, their fleet grew significantly, exceeding 900 buses by the mid-1990s. Regrettably, in more recent years, their numbers declined due to rising maintenance expenses and the rising preference for newer transportation options like air-conditioned buses and the Metro.

Despite their dwindling numbers, many Mumbaikars cherished the unique experience of riding on the upper deck, taking in panoramic city views. These buses also became cultural icons, featuring prominently in Bollywood films and songs.


While the departure of these buses is met with sadness, it’s recognized that modernizing the city’s transport is essential. The Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST), responsible for overseeing Mumbai’s bus services, has unveiled intentions to substitute them with electric double-decker buses that assure enhanced efficiency, eco-consciousness, and passenger comfort.

However, these electric double-deckers won’t fully replace the iconic red double-decker buses that have graced Mumbai for decades. These buses symbolize Mumbai’s rich history and culture, and their retirement marks the end of a significant era.

Memories of the Double-Decker Bus

For many people in Mumbai, the double-decker bus is more than just a way to get around. It’s a special part of their memories and makes them think of good times with loved ones. They remember happily riding on the upper deck with family and friends, enjoying the city air and the view.

These buses were also a tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the world seeking the thrill of a ride. They were popular spots for Bollywood movies and songs, further solidifying their iconic status.

The Future of Public Transportation in Mumbai

With the retirement of the double-decker bus, Mumbai enters a new era of public transportation. The city is investing in modern systems like the Metro and electric buses, offering efficiency and environmental benefits while easing traffic congestion.

Nevertheless, Mumbaikars will always cherish the double-decker bus as a symbol of the city’s rich history and culture, and its farewell signifies the close of a remarkable chapter.